Bongsudae was used as an emergency communications method and the Namsan bongsudae was the final destination for fire beacons around the nation. Since the early Joseon Dynasty, there were five bongsudae in Namsan Mountain for 500 years. Bongsudae was destroyed during the Japanese occupation but later one of them was remodelled and designated as Seoul Monument No. 14.
During the Joseon Dynasty, King Taejo instructed to build walls surrounding Hanyang which is now called the Seoul City Wall. The wall stretched out in a circle along the ridges of Bugaksan, Naksan and Inwangsan but only a fraction now remains as most of them were destroyed during the Japanese occupation. The Wall is designated as Historic Site No. 10 and retains its current condition due to continuous reconstruction. Visit the trail from the Namsan Fortress Wall to Bongsudae to the Seoul Tower to get an entire view of the Seoul City Wall.
When Baekbeom Square was created in 1968, the statue of Kim Koo was also erected to commemorate Kim, the Korean independence activist, and his devoted work. It is located between Childrens Square and Central Square in Namsan Park.
Ahn Jung Geun Memorial Museum was founded to commemorate Ahn, the national hero who fostered younger students to fight for Korean independence and assassinated Ito Hirobumi who led the Japanese occupation of Korea. The museum features exhibitions that offer hands-on experience to remind people that Ahn sacrificed his life for the independence of the country. It also presents vast collection of artifacts and relics that provide a window into Ahn’s life as a patriotic independence activist.
The shrine commemorates Zhuge Liang (Waryong), a chancellor during the Three Kingdoms period. It is designated as Seoul Folk Material No. 5. There are two statues inside the shrine, one of Zhuge Liang and the other of Gaun Yu, both reaching up to 2.5 m in height. There are also other shrines such as Dangun Shrine from which you can experience a unique shamanism integrating Chinese Taoism with Korean folk religion.